“With the inception and success of the Israeli state can be observed proof of the success of the Jewish national idea within the framework of Zionism. Zionism, which was invented in Europe in the late 19th century, proposed to solve the Jewish problem in the spirit of the colonialist nationalism of that period. As we will see, within Zionism there coexists a combination of secular and modern nationalism, religious and primeval foundations and symbols and European colonial power. The latter, as part of the political culture of the era, was based on the assumption that the entire world belongs to the Europeans, who in hard times or unexpected distress in their places of residence, can pack up and move across the seas, to other continents, there to set up colonies which in the fullness of time are likely to become new countries, all the while ignoring the existence and the rights of their natives, and sometimes destroying them, expelling them or converting them to a cheap labour force. The collective Jewish memory of the Promised Land from which the Jews were uprooted in the distant and mythological past, which has been preserved (though with various incarnations) within the Jewish communities scattered throughout the world, has also given additional validation to the idea of the return of the Jews to the “land without people for a people without land”, as the British Jewish playwright and activist Israel Zangwill put it.” (Baruch Kimmerling, Mehagrim, mityashvim, yelidim : ha-medinah ṿe-ha-ḥevrah be-Yisraʾel : beyn ribui tarbuyot le-milḥamot tarbut (Immigrants, settlers, natives: state and society in Israel: from cultural pluralism to cultural wars), Am Oved 2004).